Sunday, June 11, 2006

Great companies with great names

This is how certain company names came into being........

Mercedes : This was actually the financier's daughter's name.

Adobe : This came from name of the river Adobe Creek that ran behind the house of founder John Warnock.

Apple Computers : It was the favorite fruit of founder Steve Jobs.He was three months Late in filing a name for the business, and he threatened to call his company Apple Computers if the other colleagues didn't suggest a better name by 5 O'clock.

CISCO : It is not an acronym as popularly believed. It is short for San Francisco.

Compaq :This name was formed by using COMp, for computer, and PAQ to denote a Small integral object.

Corel : The name was derived from the founder's name Dr.Michael Cowpland. It stands for COwpland REsearch Laboratory.

Google :The name started as a joke boa! sting about the amount of information .The search-engine would be able to search. It was originally named 'Googol', a word for the number represented by 1 followed by 100 zeros. After founders - Stanford graduate students Sergey Brin and Larry Page presented their project to an angel investor, they received a cheque made out to 'Google'

Intel : Bob Noyce and Gordon Moore wanted to name their new company 'Moore Noyce' but that was already trademarked by a hotel chain so they had to settle for an acronym of INTegrated ELectronics.

Lotus (Notes) : Mitch Kapor got the name for his company from 'The Lotus Position' or Padmasana'. Kapor used to be a teacher of Transcendental Meditation of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi.

Microsoft : Coined by Bill Gates to represent the company that was devoted to MICROcomputer SOFTware. Originally christened Micro-Soft, the '-' was removed later on.

Motorola : Founder Paul Galvin came up with this name when his company started manufacturing radios for cars. The popular radio company at the time was called Victrola.

ORACLE : Larry Ellison and Bob Oats were working on a consulting project for the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency). The codename for the project was called Oracle (the CIA saw this as the system to give answers to all questions or something such). The project was designed to help use the newly written SQL code by IBM. The project eventually was terminated but Larry and Bob decided to finish what they started and bring it to the world. They kept the name Oracle and created the RDBMS engine. Later they kept the same name for the company.

Sony : It originated from the Latin word 'sonus' meaning sound, and 'sonny' a slang used by Americans to refer to a bright youngster.

SUN : Founded by 4 Stanford University buddies, SUN is the acronym for Stanford University Network. Andreas Bechtolsheim built a microcomputer; Vinod Khosla recruited him and Scott McNealy to manufacture computers based on it, And Bill Joy to develop a UNIX-based OS for the computer.

Yahoo! :The word was invented by Jonathan Swift and used in his book 'Gulliver's Travels'. It represents a person who is repulsive in appearance and action and is barely human. Yahoo! Founders Jerry Yang and David Filo selected the name because they considered themselves yahoos.

Understanding Introversion and Extroversion

Dear all here is a good article by naomi karten. Hope you would enjoy it.

Understanding Introversion and Extroversion
By Naomi Karten

Summary: Personality differences often pose challenges for people who need to work together. One such difference is that which separates introverts and extroverts. Just by being themselves, introverts and extroverts can drive each other crazy. But they can also benefit from each other's strengths. In this column, Naomi Karten explains this personality difference and helps introverts and extroverts better understand and appreciate each other.
== ==== =-=

During lunch with several teammates, Margie vented about a coworker, Kevin. "He's so quiet. I never know what he's thinking," she said. "Sometimes, I think he's judging me. I wish he was more of a team player, but he's too aloof. He never even comes to lunch with us."

Meanwhile, in the meeting room to which Kevin often sneaks away for a few minutes of cherished silence, he mused, "Being with Margie is so draining. She never stops talking and never wants to know my ideas. Everything she says seems to lead to something else, and she keeps changing her mind as she yakety-yaks."

Many factors could account for the frustrations people experience as a result of others' behaviors, but a key factor in this case is that Margie is an extrovert and Kevin is an introvert. This is not to say that extroverts always talk non-stop or that introverts are invariably reserved. In fact, both introverts and extroverts can talk your head off. And both need down time to recharge. But what, when, and how each communicates can at times annoy or confuse the other; and as in Margie and Kevin's case, this leads to misinterpretations of the other's intentions.

Both introversion and extroversion concern where people get their energy, and that's the key to understanding the difference. Extroverts are oriented to the outer world of people and things. As a result, they thrive on interaction, generally enjoy being with lots of other people, and tend to be animated and expressive.

Introverts tend to be oriented to the inner world of ideas and thoughts. As a result, they generally thrive on quiet time, prefer interacting one-on-one and in small groups, and tend to be reserved and reflective.

Notice that I'm deliberately using terms like "tend to," "usually," and "generally." It would be seriously misleading to claim that all introverts and extroverts always behave a certain way in a given situation.

Extroverts also tend to think aloud, hearing their thoughts for the first time when they express them to others. It's understandable, therefore, that they sometimes appear to be changing their minds as they speak, because that's exactly what's happening--they're working through their ideas. Introverts tend to process thoughts internally. It's often only after they've done internally what extroverts do externally that they speak their thoughts--if even then. Though it may take only moments for introverts to organize their thoughts, the conversation may have moved on by then, so they don't chime in.

An especially important difference is that extroverts tend to gain energy from interacting with others. As a result, they may seek opportunities to talk with others, and they are more likely than introverts to look forward to an after-work outing after a people-intensive day. By contrast, introverts tend to lose energy from interacting with others. They tend to find constant interaction fatiguing, even when they like the people they're with and the things they're talking about.

Though it may at times seem otherwise, the behaviors associated with introversion and extroversion are neither motivated nor premeditated--and aren't meant to drive others crazy. Brain research demonstrates that introverts and extroverts differ in the quantity and pathways of blood flow to the brain and in sensitivity to certain neurotransmitters. For example, a research study led by Debra Johnson and reported in The American Journal of Psychiatry (February 1999) found that extroverts require a large amount of the neurotransmitter dopamine; the more active the extrovert is, the more dopamine is increased. By contrast, introverts are highly sensitive to dopamine; getting too much of it feels like an overload.

The research is much more complex than any brief description can convey. But once you consider the differences in how the brain functions, the behavioral differences between introverts and extroverts are exactly what you'd predict. Fortunately, both approaches are just fine; what's important is that coworkers respect each other and draw from everyone's strengths to create a better outcome for all concerned.

Remember, though, that it's not always obvious from someone├»¿½s behavior whether that person is an introvert or an extrovert. Some introverts are talkative; some extroverts are reserved. Just as there are differences in behavior between extroverts and introverts, there are
differences between any two introverts and any two extroverts. We are multi-dimensional beings, and our introversion or extroversion is just one small aspect of who we are.

If the introvert/extrovert dynamic has posed challenges for your team, I suggest you get together and discuss these differences. Help each other understand what your introversion or extroversion is like for you. Discuss the strengths you bring to the team by virtue of your introversion or extroversion. Ask each other questions to deepen your understanding. Describe what you need from each other in order to do your best work. I guarantee you'll learn some things in the process. I've seen teams make striking improvements in the way they work together through discussions of this kind.

In a future article, I'll elaborate on the positive and negative perceptions introverts and extroverts have of each other, and I'll offer additional ideas on how they can work together effectively.

Further Reading
Debora Johnson, Ph.D., et al., "Cerebral Blood Flow and Personality: A
Positron Emission Tomography Study"

About the Author
Naomi Karten is the author of
1.How to Survive, Excel and Advance as an Introvert: A Guide For
Introverts--and Extroverts Who Want to Understand Them Better.
Her books,
2.Communication Gaps and How to Close Them and Managing Expectations,
offer practical tools and advice for carrying out projects, delivering
superior service, implementing change, and building strong relationships.
Her newsletter,
Perceptions & Realities, has been highly acclaimed as practical,
informative, and a breath of fresh air.
Contact her at